Propagation Channel Modeling in the Mixture of NLOS and LOS Environments for MIMO-MRC System and Its Application to ITS-IVC

Yi WANG  Kenji ITO  Yoshio KARASAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B   No.5   pp.1207-1214
Publication Date: 2011/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.1207
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Antenna and Propagation Technologies Contributing to Diversification of Wireless Technologies)
Category: MIMO Propagation
propagation model,  MIMO-MRC system,  mixture of NLOS and LOS environments,  ITS,  Inter-Vehicle Communication (IVC),  Signal-to-Noise-Ratio (SNR),  

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This paper presents a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) propagation model for independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) channels in the mixture of none-Line-of-Sight (NLOS) and Line-of-Sight (LOS) environments. The derived model enables to evaluate the system statistical characteristics of Signal-to-Noise-Ratio (SNR) for MIMO transmission based on Maximal Ratio Combing (MRC). An application example applying the model in 22 configuration to ITS Inter-Vehicle Communication (IVC) system is introduced. We clarify the effectiveness of the proposed model by comparisons of both computer simulations and measurement results of a field experiment. We also use the model to show the better performance of SNR when applying MIMO to IVC system than SISO and SIMO.