Adaptive Tree Search Algorithm Based on Path Metric Ratio for MIMO Systems

Bong-seok KIM  Kwonhue CHOI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B   No.4   pp.997-1005
Publication Date: 2011/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.997
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
MIMO,  tree search,  K-best,  QRD-M,  adaptive,  

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We propose new adaptive tree search algorithms for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems based on path metric comparison. With the fixed number of survivor paths, the correct path metric may be temporarily larger than the maximum path metric of the survivor paths under an ill-conditioned channel. There have been also adaptive path metric algorithms that control the number of survivor paths according to SNR. However, these algorithms cannot instantaneously adapt to the channel condition. The proposed algorithms accomplish dynamic adaptation based on the ratio of two minimum path metrics as the minimum is significantly smaller than the second minimum under good channel conditions and vice versa. The proposed algorithms are much less complex than the conventional noise variance-based adaptive tree search algorithms while keeping lower or similar error performance. We first employ the proposed adaptive tree search idea to K-best detection and then extend it QRD-M MIMO detection.