A Small Broadband Omni-Directional Printed Antenna Comprising Symmetrically Arranged Trapezoid Elements

Makoto SUMI  Keizo CHO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B   No.4   pp.960-967
Publication Date: 2011/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.960
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
module antenna,  trapezoid element,  omni-directional,  printed antenna,  monopole antenna,  

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Summary: 
A small broadband omni-directional printed antenna comprising symmetrically arranged trapezoid elements is investigated for broadband Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) and low center frequency characteristics. Two symmetrical trapezoid elements are printed on the bottom side of the substrate and are connected to a small ground plane printed on the same side over two strips. The trapezoid elements and the strips are excited in an electromagnetically coupled manner by the monopole element set between the trapezoid elements. Two resonance characteristics arise because the resonance part changes depending on the frequency, and a broad bandwidth becomes possible. The center frequency can be lowered by changing the shapes of the trapezoid elements. The monopole element length is a very important parameter for impedance matching. The space between the monopole element and the trapezoid elements is an important parameter for the optimization of two resonance characteristics. The proposed antenna is shown to achieve a VSWR bandwidth (≤2) of 28.9%, a low profile, and omni-directional pattern features. The measured and numerical results are in good agreement.