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Full-Wave Design Considering Slot Admittance in 2-D Waveguide Slot Arrays with Perfect Input Matching
Miao ZHANG Jiro HIROKAWA Makoto ANDO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2011/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
waveguide slot array, method of moments, full-wave analysis, equivalent circuit, slot admittance, input matching, Taylor distribution,
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A novel design technique for two-dimensional (2-D) waveguide slot arrays is proposed in this paper that combines a full-wave method of moments (MoM) analysis and an equivalent circuit with the explicit restraint of input matching. The admittance and slot spacing are determined first in an equivalent circuit to realize the desired distribution of power dissipation and phase, with the explicit restraint of input matching. Secondly by applying a full-wave MoM analysis to the finite 2-D array, slot parameters are iteratively determined to realize the active admittance designed above where slot mutual coupling and wall thickness are fully taken into account. The admittance, treated as the key parameter in the equivalent circuit corresponds to the power dissipation of the slots but not to the slot voltage, which is directly synthesized from the radiation pattern. The initial value of the power dissipation is assumed to be proportional to the square of the amplitude of the desired slot voltage. This assumption leads to a feedback procedure, because the resultant slot voltage distribution generally differs from the desired ones due to the effect of non-uniformity in the characteristic impedance on slot apertures. This slot voltage error is used to renew the initial distribution of power dissipation in the equivalent circuit. Generally, only one feedback cycle is needed. Two 2427-element arrays with uniform and Taylor distributions were designed and fabricated at 25.3 GHz. The measured overall reflections for both antennas were suppressed below -18 dB over the 24.3-26.3 GHz frequency range. High aperture efficiencies of 86.8% and 55.1% were realized for the antennas with uniform and Taylor distributions, the latter of which has very low sidelobes below -33 dB in both the E- and H-planes.