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Mobile Location Estimation in Wireless Communication Systems
Chien-Sheng CHEN Szu-Lin SU Yih-Fang HUANG
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2011/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section on Information and Communication Technologies for Next-generation Mobile Multimedia Life)
time of arrival (TOA), angle of arrival (AOA), non-line-of-sight (NLOS),
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The objective of wireless location is to determine the mobile station (MS) location in a wireless cellular communications system. When signals are propagated through non-line-of-sight (NLOS) paths, the measurements at the base stations (BSs) contain large errors which result in poor detectability of an MS by the surrounding BSs. In those situations, it is necessary to integrate all available heterogeneous measurements to improve location accuracy. This paper presents hybrid methods that combine time of arrival (TOA) at three BSs and angle of arrival (AOA) information at the serving BS to obtain a location estimate for the MS. The proposed methods mitigate the NLOS effect by using the weighted sum of the intersections between three TOA circles and the AOA line without requiring the a priori knowledge of NLOS error statistics. Numerical results show that all positioning methods offer improved estimation accuracy over those which rely on the two circles and two lines. The proposed methods always achieve better location accuracy than the Taylor series algorithm (TSA) and the hybrid lines of position algorithm (HLOP) do, regardless of the NLOS error statistics.