Performance Evaluation of Multi Hop Relay Network for Oceanic Air Traffic Control Communication

Dac-Tu HO  Jingyu PARK  Shigeru SHIMAMOTO  Jun KITAORI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B   No.1   pp.86-96
Publication Date: 2011/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.86
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
air traffic control (ATC),  oceanic air traffic control,  ad-hoc relay network,  space-time division multiple access,  line of sight (LOS),  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes a new kind of communication system for air traffic control over the oceans; it is particularly effective at handling high air traffic loads due to many oceanic flights. In this system, each aircraft position report is sent to its relevant ground station by forwardly relaying them via a multi hop ad-hoc network that is formed by the aircraft between this aircraft and the ground station. In addition, an effective multiple access scheme with optimal values is also proposed. This scheme enables the various aircraft involved in relaying the signal to operate autonomously in a flight-route airspace. Furthermore, two useful schemes are proposed for efficient timeslot reuse and timeslot assignment in cases of low aircraft densities: the position aided timeslot reuse (PATR) and distance based timeslot assignment (DBTA), respectively. Finally, another scheme is proposed to improve the achievable relayed packet rate under low aircraft densities, which is called interference-based node selection (IB-NS). In all, the proposed system combined with those three schemes show the availability to utilize this system for air traffic control communications, specifically on high traffic ocean routes.