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Characterization of DC Offset on Adaptive MIMO Direct Conversion Transceivers
Mohammadreza KESHAVARZI Abbas MOHAMMADI Abdolali ABDIPOUR Fadhel M. GHANNOUCHI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2011/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
DC offset, adaptive modulation, MIMO, BER, direct conversion transceiver,
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The effect of DC offset on multi-input multi-output (MIMO) direct transceivers with adaptive modulation (AM) is discussed in this paper. A variable-rate variable-power (VRVP) AM system with perfect channel state information (P-CSI) at both the transmitter and receiver in a MIMO scenario is considered. The DC offset is modeled as a zero mean complex Gaussian distributed random variable. By this modeling of the DC offset, the analytical expression for degraded bit error rate (BER) is derived. To derive this analytical expression, we establish a reasonable approximation. The good agreement between the analytical and simulation results shows that the approximation is valid and confirms the accuracy of the analytical expressions. Moreover, an approach to improve the degraded BER in these systems is introduced. For this purpose, we introduce a design for AM MIMO systems that takes account of DC offset and its effectiveness is confirmed. Throughput analysis for the AM MIMO system in the presence of DC offset is presented in this paper too. An analytical expression for throughput is derived and approximated to a simpler equation. At last, throughput results are compared to the simulation outcomes.