Achieving Airtime Fairness and Maximum Throughput in IEEE 802.11 under Various Transmission Durations

Hyungho LEE  Chong-Ho CHOI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B   No.11   pp.3098-3106
Publication Date: 2011/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.3098
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
Keyword: 
IEEE 802.11,  performance anomaly,  airtime fairness,  DCF,  MAC,  

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Summary: 
IEEE 802.11 Wireless LANs (WLANs) support multiple transmission rates. When some stations transmit at low transmission rates, the performance of the high transmission rate stations degrades heavily, and this phenomenon is known as the performance anomaly. As a solution to the performance anomaly, airtime fairness was proposed. However, the distributed coordination function (DCF) of IEEE 802.11 cannot provide airtime fairness to all competing stations because the protocol is designed to ensure fair attempt probability. In this paper, we propose a new medium access control, successful transmission time fair MAC (STF-MAC), which is fair in terms of successful transmission time and also provides the maximum aggregate throughput of a basic service set (BSS) in distributed manner. STF-MAC can be easily applied to solve the uplink/downlink fairness problem in infrastructure mode. Through simulations, we demonstrate that STF-MAC not only remedies the performance anomaly but also maximizes the aggregate throughput under the fairness constraint.