Performance of Handovers between NEMO and Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Using Buffering


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E94-B    No.10    pp.2763-2775
Publication Date: 2011/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E94.B.2763
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
network mobility (NEMO),  mobile ad hoc network (MANET),  handover performance,  IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN,  power save mode,  buffering,  Mobile IP,  

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A MANEMO node is an IP-based mobile node that has interface attachments to both a mobile network, using Network Mobility (NEMO), and a Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET). While communicating with a correspondent node in the Internet, the MANEMO node should use the best possible path. Therefore, as conditions change, a handover between NEMO and MANET is desirable. This paper describes the operation of a MANEMO handover when IEEE 802.11 is used. An analytical model illustrates that packet loss during a MANEMO handover may severely affect data and real-time applications. We therefore propose using buffering during the handover, by making use of the Power Save Mode in IEEE 802.11. In the proposed algorithm, a MANEMO node may rapidly switch between the two interfaces, eventually receiving packets delivered via the old network interface while initiating the Mobile IP/NEMO handover on the new interface. Performance results show that packet loss can be significantly reduced, with small and acceptable increases in signalling overhead and end-to-end delay.