Two Generational Garbage Collection Models with Major Collection Time

Xufeng ZHAO  Syouji NAKAMURA  Toshio NAKAGAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E94-A   No.7   pp.1558-1566
Publication Date: 2011/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E94.A.1558
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Reliability, Maintainability and Safety Analysis
Keyword: 
garbage collection,  major collection,  tenuring threshold,  cumulative process,  expected cost,  

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Summary: 
It is an important problem to determine major collection times to meet the pause time goal for a generational garbage collector. From such a viewpoint, this paper proposes two stochastic models based on working schemes of a generational garbage collector: Garbage collections occur in a nonhomogeneous Poisson process, tenuring collection is made at a threshold level K, and major collection is made at time T or at Nth collection including minor and tenuring collections for the first model and at time T or at Nth collection including tenuring collections for the second model. Using the techniques of cumulative processes and reliability theory, expected cost rates are obtained, and optimal policies of major collection times which minimize them are discussed analytically and computed numerically.