Semi-Blind Channel Covariance Estimation for MIMO Precoding

Mohd Hairi HALMI  Mohd Yusoff ALIAS  Teong Chee CHUAH  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E94-A   No.2   pp.833-837
Publication Date: 2011/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E94.A.833
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
Keyword: 
MIMO,  STBC,  FDD,  covariance precoding,  semi-blind,  

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Summary: 
A method for estimating channel covariance from the uplink received signal power for downlink transmit precoding in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) frequency division duplex (FDD) wireless systems is proposed. Unlike other MIMO precoding schemes, the proposed scheme does not require a feedback channel or pilot symbols, i.e. knowledge of the channel covariance is made available at the downlink transmitter through direct estimation from the uplink received signal power. This leads to low complexity and improved system efficiency. It is shown that the proposed scheme performs better or on par with other practical schemes and only suffers a slight performance degradation when compared with systems with perfect knowledge of the channel covariance.