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Toward Digital Watermarking for Cryptographic Data
Maki YOSHIDA Toru FUJIWARA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2011/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section on Cryptography and Information Security)
digital watermarking, cryptographic data, detection, visible, trapdoor for removing,
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This paper introduces a novel type of digital watermarking, which is mainly designed for embededing information into cryptographic data such as keys, ciphertexts, and signatures. We focus on a mathematical structure of the recent major cryptosystems called pairing-based schemes. We present a detection-type watermarking scheme by which a watermark is visible by anyone but unremovable without secret trapdoor. The important feature is that both correctness and security of cryptographic data remain satisfied even if the trapdoor is published.