Geometric Source Separation Method Using Nonnegative Matrix Factorization and Interference Suppression

Seokjin LEE  Sang Ha PARK  Koeng-Mo SUNG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E94-A   No.11   pp.2442-2447
Publication Date: 2011/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E94.A.2442
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Engineering Acoustics
Keyword: 
acoustic source separation,  nonnegative matrix factorization,  beamformer,  multi-channel,  interference suppression,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, a geometric source separation system using nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is proposed. The adaptive beamformer is the best method for geometric source separation, but it suffers from a “target signal cancellation” problem in multi-path situations. We modified the HALS-NMF algorithm for decomposition into bases, and developed an interference suppression module in order to cancel the interference bases. A performance comparison between the proposed and subband GSC-RLS algorithm using a MATLAB® simulation was executed; the results show that the proposed system is robust in multi-path situations.