Delay-Reduced MDCT for Scalable Speech Codec with Cascaded Transforms

Hochong PARK  Ho-Sang SUNG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E93-D   No.2   pp.388-391
Publication Date: 2010/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E93.D.388
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Speech and Hearing
scalable speech codec,  MDCT,  transform codec,  harmonic codec,  time delay,  

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A scalable speech codec consisting of a harmonic codec as the core layer and MDCT-based transform codec as the enhancement layer is often required to provide both very low-rate core communication and fine granular scalability. This structure, however, has a serious drawback for practical use because a time delay caused by transform in each layer is accumulated, resulting in a long overall codec delay. In this letter, a new MDCT structure is proposed to reduce the overall codec delay by eliminating the accumulation of time delay by each transform. In the proposed structure, the time delay is first reduced by forcing two transforms to share a common look-ahead. The error components of MDCT caused by the look-ahead sharing are then analyzed and compensated in the decoder, resulting in perfect reconstruction. The proposed structure reduces the codec delay by the frame size, with an equivalent coding efficiency.