Noise Reduction in CMOS Image Sensor Using Cellular Neural Networks with a Genetic Algorithm

Jegoon RYU  Toshihiro NISHIMURA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E93-D   No.2   pp.359-366
Publication Date: 2010/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E93.D.359
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Processing and Video Processing
cellular neural network,  genetic algorithm,  CMOS image sensor,  photon shot noise,  

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In this paper, Cellular Neural Networks using genetic algorithm (GA-CNNs) are designed for CMOS image noise reduction. Cellular Neural Networks (CNNs) could be an efficient way to apply to the image processing technique, since CNNs have high-speed parallel signal processing characteristics. Adaptive CNNs structure is designed for the reduction of Photon Shot Noise (PSN) changed according to the average number of photons, and the design of templates for adaptive CNNs is based on the genetic algorithm using real numbers. These templates are optimized to suppress PSN in corrupted images. The simulation results show that the adaptive GA-CNNs more efficiently reduce PSN than do the other noise reduction methods and can be used as a high-quality and low-cost noise reduction filter for PSN. The proposed method is designed for real-time implementation. Therefore, it can be used as a noise reduction filter for many commercial applications. The simulation results also show the feasibility to design the CNNs template for a variety of problems based on the statistical image model.