A Swing Level Controlled Transmitter for Single-Ended Signaling with Center-Tapped Termination

Young-Chan JANG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E93-C   No.6   pp.861-863
Publication Date: 2010/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E93.C.861
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: BRIEF PAPER
Category: 
Keyword: 
transmitter,  source termination,  output impedance,  single-ended signaling,  diagnostic mode,  swing level control,  

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Summary: 
A swing level controlled voltage-mode transmitter is proposed to support a stub series-terminated logic channel with center-tapped termination. This transmitter provides a swing level control to support the diagnostic mode and improve the signal integrity in the absence of the destination termination. By using the variable parallel termination, the proposed transmitter maintains the constant output impedance of the source termination while the swing level is controlled. Also, the series termination using an external resistor is used to reduce the impedance mismatch effect due to the parasitic components of the capacitor and inductor. To verify the proposed transmitter, the voltage-mode driver, which provides eight swing levels with the constant output impedance of about 50 Ω, was implemented using a 70 nm 1-poly 3-metal DRAM process with a 1.5 V supply. The jitter reduction of 54% was measured with the swing level controlled voltage-mode driver in the absence of the destination termination at 1.6-Gb/s.