Effect of High Frequency Noise Current Sources on Noise Figure for Sub-50 nm Node MOSFETs

Hiroshi SHIMOMURA  Kuniyuki KAKUSHIMA  Hiroshi IWAI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E93-C   No.5   pp.678-684
Publication Date: 2010/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E93.C.678
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Semiconductor Materials and Devices
Keyword: 
MOSFETs,  thermal noise,  noise figure,  noise parameters,  

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Summary: 
The downscaling of CMOS technology has resulted in strong improvement in RF performance of bulk and SOI MOSFETs. In order to realize a low-noise RF circuit, a deeper understanding of the noise performance for MOSFETs is required. Thermal noise is the main noise source of the CMOS device for high frequency performance, and is dominated by the drain channel noise, induced gate noise, and their correlation noise. In this work, we measured the RF noise parameter (Fmin, Rn, Γ opt) of 45 nm node MOSFETs from 5 to 15 GHz and extracted noise sources and noise coefficients P, R, and C by using an extended van der Ziel's model. We found, for the first time, that correlation coefficient C decreases from positive to negative values when the gate length is reduced continuously with the gate length of sub-100 nm. We confirmed that Pucel's noise figure model, using noise coefficients P, R, and C, can be considered a good approximation even for sub-50 nm MOSFETs. We also discussed a scaling effect of the noise coefficients, especially the correlation noise coefficient C on the minimum noise figure.