Efficient Modelling Method for Artificial Materials Using Digital Filtering Techniques and EMC Applications

Hiroki WAKATSUCHI  Stephen GREEDY  John PAUL  Christos CHRISTOPOULOS  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.7   pp.1760-1767
Publication Date: 2010/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.1760
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Advanced Electromagnetic Compatibility Technology in Conjunction with Main Topics of EMC'09/Kyoto)
Category: PCB and Circuit Design for EMI Control
Keyword: 
transmission-line modeling (TLM),  digital filtering (DF) technique,  electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) structure,  metamaterial,  antenna,  

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Summary: 
This paper demonstrates an efficient modelling method for artificial materials using digital filtering (DF) techniques. To demonstrate the efficiency of the DF technique it is applied to an electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) structure and a capacitively-loaded loop the so-called, CLL-based metamaterial. Firstly, this paper describes fine mesh simulations, in which a very small cell size (0.10.10.1 mm3) is used to model the details of an element of the structures to calculate the scattering parameters. Secondly, the scattering parameters are approximated with Padé forms and then factorised. Finally the factorised Padé forms are converted from the frequency domain to the time domain. As a result, the initial features in the fine meshes are effectively embedded into a numerical simulation with the DF boundary, in which the use of a coarse mesh is feasible (1,000 times larger in the EBG structure simulation and 680 times larger in the metamaterial simulation in terms of the volumes). By employing the coarse mesh and removal of the dielectric material calculations, the heavy computational burden required for the fine mesh simulations is mitigated and a fast, efficient and accurate modelling method for the artificial materials is achieved. In the case of the EBG structure the calculation time is reduced from 3 hours to less than 1 minute. In addition, this paper describes an antenna simulation as a specific application example of the DF techniques in electromagnetic compatibility field. In this simulation, an electric field radiated from a dipole antenna is enhanced by the DF boundary which models an artificial magnetic conductor derived from the CLL-based metamaterial. As is shown in the antenna simulation, the DF techniques model efficiently and accurately large-scale configurations.