Design of Provider-Provisioned Website Protection Scheme against Malware Distribution

Takeshi YAGI  Naoto TANIMOTO  Takeo HARIU  Mitsutaka ITOH  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.5   pp.1122-1130
Publication Date: 2010/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.1122
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Technology and Architecture for Sustainable Growth of the Internet)
Category: 
Keyword: 
security,  web,  vulnerability,  application,  malware,  

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Summary: 
Vulnerabilities in web applications expose computer networks to security threats, and many websites are used by attackers as hopping sites to attack other websites and user terminals. These incidents prevent service providers from constructing secure networking environments. To protect websites from attacks exploiting vulnerabilities in web applications, service providers use web application firewalls (WAFs). WAFs filter accesses from attackers by using signatures, which are generated based on the exploit codes of previous attacks. However, WAFs cannot filter unknown attacks because the signatures cannot reflect new types of attacks. In service provider environments, the number of exploit codes has recently increased rapidly because of the spread of vulnerable web applications that have been developed through cloud computing. Thus, generating signatures for all exploit codes is difficult. To solve these problems, our proposed scheme detects and filters malware downloads that are sent from websites which have already received exploit codes. In addition, to collect information for detecting malware downloads, web honeypots, which automatically extract the communication records of exploit codes, are used. According to the results of experiments using a prototype, our scheme can filter attacks automatically so that service providers can provide secure and cost-effective network environments.