Antenna and Node Selection for Multi-Antenna Relay Networks in Correlated Channels

Jing HUANG  Ying WANG  Tong WU  Gen LI  Ping ZHANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.3   pp.629-639
Publication Date: 2010/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.629
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
multi-antenna relay,  antenna selection,  node selection,  correlated channel,  

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In this paper, we investigate the antenna and node selection issues for amplify-and-forward (AF) and decode-and-forward (DF) multi-antenna relay networks in correlated channels. Based on the channel statistics, optimal selection criteria for antenna and relay node are derived jointly, aiming to maximize the ergodic capacity. Instantaneous channel knowledge-based selection schemes, motivated by traditional antenna selection algorithms, are investigated as well. It is shown that the proposed node selection schemes derived from antenna selection on relay nodes are feasible and effective in relay systems. Statistical selection shows considerable capacity gain compared to full complexity scheme and random selection strategy in AF mode, while instantaneous selection performs better in DF relaying. Furthermore, the proposed schemes are shown to be robust to channel estimation errors due to their correlation-oriented nature.