Dynamic Spectrum Access Based on MAC-Layer Spectrum Sensing and Prior Channel Pre-Allocation Strategy

Yanzan SUN  Honglin HU  Fuqiang LIU  Ping WANG  Huiyue YI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.3   pp.609-619
Publication Date: 2010/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.609
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
Keyword: 
cognitive radio,  MAC-layer spectrum sensing,  prior channel pre-allocation,  channel handoff,  CSGC,  

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Summary: 
This paper investigates dynamic spectrum access based on MAC-Layer spectrum sensing and prior channel pre-allocation strategy. We first combine channel utilization with channel state transition probability from idle to busy to reflect the channel opportunity quality in cognitive radio systems. Then a MAC-Layer spectrum sensing algorithm based on Channel Opportunity Quality Descending Order (COQDO) is proposed for the single secondary user scenario, so that the single secondary user can be provided with dynamic spectrum access. For the multi-secondary users scenario, in order to solve the channel collision problem among secondary users in dynamic spectrum access, a joint MAC-Layer spectrum sensing and prior channel pre-allocation algorithm is proposed and analyzed. Channel collision problem occurs when more than one secondary users detect the channel as idle and access it at the same time. Furthermore, the prior channel pre-allocation is optimized by using the conventional Color Sensitive Graph Coloring (CSGC) algorithm. Extensive simulation results are presented to compare our proposed algorithms with existing algorithms in terms of idle channel search delay and accumulated channel handoff delay.