Channel State Information Feedback with Zero-Overhead in Closed-Loop MIMO System

Yiheng ZHANG  Qimei CUI  Ping ZHANG  Xiaofeng TAO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.1   pp.9-15
Publication Date: 2010/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.9
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
closed-loop MIMO,  CSI feedback,  hybrid-pilot,  Kalman filter,  

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Dramatic gains in channel capacity can be achieved in the closed-loop MIMO system under the assumption that the base station (BS) can acquire the downlink channel state information (CSI) accurately. However, transmitting CSI with high precision is a heavy burden that wastes a lot of uplink bandwidth, while transmitting CSI within a limited bandwidth leads to the degradation of system performance. To address this problem, we propose a zero-overhead downlink CSI feedback scheme based on the hybrid pilot structure. The downlink CSI is contained in the hybrid pilots at mobile terminal (MT) side, fed back to BS via the uplink pilot channel, and recovered from hybrid pilot at BS side. Meanwhile the uplink channel is estimated based on the hybrid pilot at BS side. Since transmitting the hybrid pilots occupies the same bandwidth as transmitting traditional code division multiplexing based uplink pilots, no extra uplink channel bandwidth is occupied. Therefore, the overhead for downlink CSI feedback is zero. Moreover, the hybrid pilots are formed at MT side by superposing the received analog downlink pilots directly on the uplink pilots. Thus the downlink CSI estimation process is unnecessary at MT side, and MT's complexity can be reduced. Numerical Simulations prove that, the proposed downlink CSI feedback has the higher precision than the traditional feedback schemes while the overhead for downlink CSI feedback is zero.