A Channel-Hopping MAC Protocol for Cognitive IEEE 802.16d Mesh Networks

Ming-Tuo ZHOU  Hiroshi HARADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.12   pp.3417-3428
Publication Date: 2010/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.3417
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wireless Distributed Networks)
cognitive radio,  mesh network,  IEEE 802.16,  cognitive mesh network,  channel-hopping MAC protocol,  

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A channel-hopping medium access control (MAC) protocol is proposed for cognitive operation of the 802.16d Mesh networks. The proposal mainly includes a channel-hopping algorithm of channel accessing for control messages transmission and reception, an algorithm of bandwidth allocation in cognitive operation, a cognition-enhanced frame structure, a method of spectrum sensing results reporting, and a method of incumbent detection. Compared to other studies, the channel-hopping algorithm for control messages transmission and reception requires no extra common control channels and operation of mesh clusters, thus it is more cost-effective and simpler in operation. Analysis shows that with this algorithm a Mesh node with any available channels has fair opportunities to receive beacon and network configuration information. Numerical results show that, compared to the mesh cluster method, the proposed channel-hopping algorithm has gain, e.g., as high as 3 times, in getting the data scheduling control messages received by one-hop neighbors, thus it has advantages in minimizing bandwidth allocation collisions. The algorithm of bandwidth allocation details the three-way handshake framework for bandwidth application and grant that is defined in 802.16d Mesh standard, and it enables dynamical resource allocations in cognitive operations. The feasibility of the channel-hopping MAC protocol is confirmed by simulations. And simulation results show that with the parameters set, a normalized aggregate saturation throughput of about 70% is achievable.