Cognitive Temporary Bypassing for Reliable Multi-Hop Transmission in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

Kenichi NAGAO  Yasushi YAMAO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.12   pp.3391-3399
Publication Date: 2010/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.3391
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wireless Distributed Networks)
Category: 
Keyword: 
ad hoc,  multi-hop,  fading,  routing,  bypass,  

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Summary: 
Multi-hop wireless ad hoc networks suffer from temporary link error due to fading. In order to improve packet transmission reliability and achieve efficient transmission in fading environment, a new cognitive temporary bypassing scheme is proposed based on a cross-layer approach and cognitive behavior of local nodes. The proposed scheme enables neighboring nodes to prepare and create a temporary bypass for lost-packets. This is done by monitoring message packets that include information of the multi-hop route and link-acknowledgement. The scheme also includes an anti-collision function that is necessary to prevent contention among multiple bypassing nodes. Packet success probability with the proposed scheme is studied both by theoretical analysis and time-domain computer simulation for Rayleigh faded single- and multi-hop links. Network simulation using a modified QualNet simulator validate that packet success probability is remarkably improved with the scheme for maximum Doppler frequencies up to 30 Hz.