Two Relay-Stage Selection Cooperation in Wireless Networks and Why More than Two Is Not Necessary

Xingyang CHEN  Lin ZHANG  Yuhan DONG  Xiuming SHAN  Yong REN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.12   pp.3332-3344
Publication Date: 2010/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.3332
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wireless Distributed Networks)
Category: 
Keyword: 
cooperative relay,  cooperative diversity,  selection cooperation,  outage probability,  wireless distributed network,  

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Summary: 
The selection cooperation is a basic and attractive scheme of cooperative diversity in the multiple relays scenario. Most previous schemes of selection cooperation consist only one relay-stage in which one relay is selected to retransmit, and the signal from the selected relay is not utilized by other relays. In this paper, we introduce a two relay-stage selection cooperation scheme. The performance can be improved by letting all other relays to utilize the signal from the first selected relay to make another selection and retransmission in the second relay-stage. We derive the closed-form expression of the outage probability of the proposed scheme in the high SNR regime. Both theoretical and numerical results suggest that the proposed scheme can reduce the outage probability compared with the traditional scheme with only one relay-stage. Furthermore, we demonstrate that more than two relay-stage can not further reduce the outage probability. We also study the dependence of the proposed scheme on stage lengths and topology, and analyze the increased overhead.