Potential Game Approach for Spectrum Sharing in Distributed Cognitive Radio Networks


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.12   pp.3284-3292
Publication Date: 2010/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.3284
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wireless Distributed Networks)
spectrum sharing,  interference management,  cognitive radio,  game theory,  potential game,  

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In a spectrum sharing system, lower-priority users are allowed to spatially reuse the spectrum allocated to higher-priority users as long as they do not disrupt communications of the latter. Therefore, to improve spectrum utilization, an important requirement for the former users is to manage the interference and ensure that the latter users can maintain reliable communications. In the present paper, a game theoretic framework of joint channel selection and power allocation for spectrum sharing in distributed cognitive radio networks is proposed. First, a utility function that captures the cooperative behavior to manage the interference and the satisfaction level to improve the throughput of the lower-priority users is defined. Next, based on the defined utility function, the proposed framework can be formulated as a potential game; thus, it is guaranteed to converge to a Nash equilibrium when the best response dynamic is performed. Simulation results show the convergence of the proposed potential game and reveal that performance improvements in terms of network throughput of the lower-priority users and outage probability of the higher-priority users can be achieved by the introduction of an adaptive coefficient adjustment scheme in the proposed utility function at the expense of the convergence to the Nash equilibrium.