A Load-Balance Clustering Mechanism Based on Location-Control for Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks

Erica C. RUIZ  Luis VILLASENOR-GONZALEZ  Jose R. GALLARDO  Adolfo ESPINOZA-RUIZ  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.11   pp.3152-3155
Publication Date: 2010/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.3152
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
wireless sensor and actor networks,  clustering,  load balance,  mobile actors,  

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Summary: 
Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks (WSAN) are commonly used to monitor physical parameters and execute opportune actions in response to specific events. In order to achieve this goal it is necessary to implement efficient coordination and cooperation among the network nodes (i.e. sensors and actors) with the aim of reducing the energy consumption and improving the response time of the system. This work propose a clustering mechanism that organizes the sensor nodes to form clusters where the mobile actors nodes in the WSAN perform the cluster head role. The proposal considers the mobility aspect of the actor nodes and implements a mechanism to dynamically change the geographical location of the actors while trying to reduce the load in terms of the number of sensors within each cluster, all this with the aim of extending the network lifetime.