Efficient Hybrid CMOS-Nano Circuit Design for Spiking Neurons and Memristive Synapses with STDP

Ahmad AFIFI  Ahmad AYATOLLAHI  Farshid RAISSI  Hasan HAJGHASSEM  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E93-A   No.9   pp.1670-1677
Publication Date: 2010/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E93.A.1670
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Neural Networks and Bioengineering
Keyword: 
spiking neural network,  STDP,  memristor,  CMOS-Nano hybrid,  

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Summary: 
This paper introduces a new hybrid CMOS-Nano circuit for efficient implementation of spiking neurons and spike-timing dependent plasticity (STDP) rule. In our spiking neural architecture, the STDP rule has been implemented by using neuron circuits which generate two-part spikes and send them in both forward and backward directions along their axons and dendrites, simultaneously. The two-part spikes form STDP windows and also they carry temporal information relating to neuronal activities. However, to reduce power consumption, we take the circuitry of two-part spike generation out of the neuron circuit and use the regular shaped pulses, after the training has been performed. Furthermore, the performance of the rule as spike-timing correlation learning and character recognition in a two layer winner-take-all (WTA) network of integrate-and-fire neurons and memristive synapses is demonstrated as a case example.