Pedestrian Oriented Vehicular Collision Avoidance Support System: P-VCASS

Tomotaka WADA  Yuki NAKANISHI  Ryohta YAMAGUCHI  Kazushi FUJIMOTO  Hiromi OKADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E93-A   No.4   pp.679-688
Publication Date: 2010/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E93.A.679
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Intelligent Transport Systems)
Category: 
Keyword: 
ITS,  VCASS,  GPS,  P-VCASS,  

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Summary: 
In recent years, researchers have studied extensively about vehicle collision avoidance. The authors have developed Vehicular Collision Avoidance Support System (VCASS) based on IVC in order to prevent a vehicular collision beforehand. The system grasps the relative locations of vehicles by exchanging the GPS information in each vehicle. Then the system warns drivers if it detects some danger of collision. VCASS can drastically reduce the potential accidents of vehicular collisions. However, VCASS can not avoid collisions between vehicles and pedestrians, but avoid collisions just between vehicles. About 30% of fatal accidents by vehicles are happened with pedestrians in Japan. So it is necessary to develop a new system for pedestrians. This paper deals with collision avoidance between pedestrians and vehicles. There are two problems to develop such system. First it is necessary to reduce the power consumption of the pedestrian terminal, because pedestrian terminals have small-sized battery compared with vehicles. Second it is necessary to consider the movement characteristic of the pedestrian. In this paper, we propose a new Pedestrian-Vehicular Collision Avoidance Support System (P-VCASS) which extends VCASS. P-VCASS solves above two problems. We show the validity of the proposed system by experiments using some vehicles.