Doppler Spread Mitigation Using Harmonic Transform for Wireless OFDM Systems in Mobile Communications

Saiyan SAIYOD  Sakchai THIPCHAKSURAT  Ruttikorn VARAKULSIRIPUNTH  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E93-A   No.12   pp.2634-2645
Publication Date: 2010/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E93.A.2634
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wideband Systems)
Category: 
Keyword: 
OFDM,  channel estimation,  DFT,  Doppler spread,  harmonic transform,  

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Summary: 
In wireless OFDM systems, the system performance is suffered from frequency offset and symbol timing offset due to the Doppler effect. Using the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and inverse discrete Fourier transform (IDFT) for traditional signal transformation from the time-domain into frequency-domain, and vice versa, the system performance may be severely degraded. To make the OFDM system that can tolerate the above problems, we have considered that the harmonic transform can be applicable to the traditional signal transformation, thereby improving the system performance. In this paper, we combine the good characteristics of harmonic transform and instantaneous frequency to be a novel transformation for wireless OFDM systems. We propose a modified discrete harmonic transform (MDHT) which can be performed adaptively. Our proposed scheme called the modified discrete harmonic transform OFDM (MDHT-OFDM scheme). We derive the equations of the novel discrete harmonic transform which are suitable for wireless OFDM systems and the novel channel estimation cooperated with the novel transformation. The proposed channel estimation is performed in both time-domain and frequency-domain. The performance of a MDHT-OFDM scheme is evaluated by means of a simulation. We compare the performance of a MDHT-OFDM scheme with one of the conventional DFT-OFDM scheme in the term of symbol error rate (SER). MDHT-OFDM scheme can achieve better performance than that of the conventional DFT-OFDM scheme in mitigating the Doppler spread.