A Survey of the Origins and Evolution of the Microwave Circuit Devices in Japan from the 1920s up until 1945

Tosiro KOGA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E93-A   No.12   pp.2354-2370
Publication Date: 2010/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E93.A.2354
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: INVITED SURVEY PAPER
Yagi-Uda antenna,  multiply split-anode magnetron,  the wartime technological development in Japan,  design theory of magnetrons,  theory of microwave circuit,  scattering matrix representation,  

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We edit in this paper several archives on the research and development in the field of microwave circuit technology in Japan, that originated with the invention of Yagi-Uda antenna in 1925, together with generally unknown historical topics in the period from the 1920s up until the end of World War II. As the main subject, we investigate the origin and evolution of the Multiply Split-Anode Magnetron, and clarify that the basic magnetron technology had been established until 1939 under the direction of Yoji Ito in cooperation of expert engineers between the Naval Technical Institute (NTI) and the Nihon Musen Co., while the Cavity Magnetron was invented by Shigeru Nakajima of the Nihon Musen Co. in May 1939, and further that physical theory of the Multiply Split-Anode Cavity Magnetron Oscillation and the design theory of the Cavity Magnetron were established in collaboration between the world-known physicists and the expert engineers at the NTI Shimada Laboratory in the wartime. In addition, we clarify that Sin-itiro Tomonaga presented the Scattering Matrix representation of Microwave Circuits, and others. The development mentioned above was carried out, in strict secrecy, in an unusual wartime situation up until 1945.