A Threshold-Adaptive Reputation System on Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Hsiao-Chien TSAI  Nai-Wei LO  Tzong-Chen WU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E92-D   No.5   pp.777-786
Publication Date: 2009/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E92.D.777
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Information and Communication System Security)
mobile ad hoc network,  network security,  reputation system,  fuzzy logic,  

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In recent years huge potential benefits from novel applications in mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) have been discussed extensively. However, without robust security mechanisms and systems to provide safety shell through the MANET infrastructure, MANET applications can be vulnerable and hammered by malicious attackers easily. In order to detect misbehaved message routing and identify malicious attackers in MANET, schemes based on reputation concept have shown their advantages in this area in terms of good scalability and simple threshold-based detection strategy. We observed that previous reputation schemes generally use predefined thresholds which do not take into account the effect of behavior dynamics between nodes in a period of time. In this paper, we propose a Threshold-Adaptive Reputation System (TARS) to overcome the shortcomings of static threshold strategy and improve the overall MANET performance under misbehaved routing attack. A fuzzy-based inference engine is introduced to evaluate the trustiness of a node's one-hop neighbors. Malicious nodes whose trust values are lower than the adaptive threshold, will be detected and filtered out by their honest neighbors during trustiness evaluation process. The results of network simulation show that the TARS outperforms other compared schemes under security attacks in most cases and at the same time reduces the decrease of total packet delivery ratio by 67% in comparison with MANET without reputation system.