Enhancing Salt-and-Pepper Noise Removal in Binary Images of Engineering Drawing

Hasan S. M. AL-KHAFFAF  Abdullah Z. TALIB  Rosalina Abdul SALAM  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E92-D   No.4   pp.689-704
Publication Date: 2009/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E92.D.689
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Processing and Video Processing
Keyword: 
salt/pepper noise removal,  impulsive noise,  engineering drawing,  binary image,  document analysis and recognition,  

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Summary: 
Noise removal in engineering drawing is an important operation performed before other image analysis tasks. Many algorithms have been developed to remove salt-and-pepper noise from document images. Cleaning algorithms should remove noise while keeping the real part of the image unchanged. Some algorithms have disadvantages in cleaning operation that leads to removing of weak features such as short thin lines. Others leave the image with hairy noise attached to image objects. In this article a noise removal procedure called TrackAndMayDel (TAMD) is developed to enhance the noise removal of salt-and-pepper noise in binary images of engineering drawings. The procedure could be integrated with third party algorithms' logic to enhance their ability to remove noise by investigating the structure of pixels that are part of weak features. It can be integrated with other algorithms as a post-processing step to remove noise remaining in the image such as hairy noise attached with graphical elements. An algorithm is proposed by incorporating TAMD in a third party algorithm. Real scanned images from GREC'03 contest are used in the experiment. The images are corrupted by salt-and-pepper noise at 10%, 15%, and 20% levels. An objective performance measure that correlates with human vision as well as MSE and PSNR are used in this experiment. Performance evaluation of the introduced algorithm shows better-quality images compared to other algorithms.