Synthesis for Negative Group Delay Circuits Using Distributed and Second-Order RC Circuit Configurations

Kyoung-Pyo AHN  Ryo ISHIKAWA  Akira SAITOU  Kazuhiko HONJO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E92-C   No.9   pp.1176-1181
Publication Date: 2009/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E92.C.1176
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Technologies and Their Applications)
Category: 
Keyword: 
band-rejection filter,  group delay,  negative group delay (NGD) circuit,  ultra-wideband (UWB),  

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Summary: 
This paper describes the characteristic of negative group delay (NGD) circuits for various configurations including first-order, distributed, and second-order RC circuit configurations. This study includes locus, magnitude, and phase characteristics of the NGD circuits. The simplest NGD circuit is available using first-order RC or RL configuration. As an example of distributed circuit configuration, it is verified that losses in a distributed line causes NGD characteristic at higher cut-off band of a coupled four-line bandpass filter. Also, novel wideband NGD circuits using second-order RC configuration, instead of conventional RLC configuration, are proposed. Adding a parallel resistor to a parallel-T filter enables NGD characteristic to it. Also, a Wien-Robinson bridge is modified to have NGD characteristic by controlling the voltage division ratio. They are fabricated on MMIC substrate, and their NGD characteristics are verified with measured results. They have larger insertion loss than multi-stage RLC NGD circuits, however they can realize second-order NGD characteristic without practical implementation of inductors.