Rotational Motion of Break Arcs Driven by Radial Magnetic Field in a DC Resistive Circuit

Junya SEKIKAWA  Takayoshi KUBONO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E92-C   No.8   pp.992-997
Publication Date: 2009/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E92.C.992
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Development of Electro-Mechanical Devices (IS-EMD2008))
Category: Arc Discharge & Contact Phenomena
break arc,  magnetic drive,  high-speed camera,  electrical contacts,  

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Break arcs are generated between silver electrical contacts in a DC 42 V-10 A resistive circuit. Break arcs are driven by the radial magnetic field. The magnetic field is formed between the electrical contacts with a permanent magnet embedded in the cathode. The arc motion is taken with a high-speed camera and contact surfaces are observed after break operations. Experimental results with the magnet are compared with those without the magnet to confirm the effect of the embedded magnet. For break operations with the magnet following results are shown. Break arcs are rotationally driven by the radial magnetic field in the direction according to Lorentz force. The shortening effect of the arc duration is confirmed. The traces of the arc spots on the contact surfaces are ring-shaped, wide and uniform. This result shows the prevention effect of local erosion of electrical contacts. The rotational frequency of the break arc depends on the Lorentz force with the radial magnetic field.