1-GHz Input Bandwidth Under-Sampling A/D Converter with Dynamic Current Reduction Comparator for UWB-IR Receiver

Tatsuo NAKAGAWA  Tatsuji MATSUURA  Eiki IMAIZUMI  Junya KUDOH  Goichi ONO  Masayuki MIYAZAKI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E92-C    No.6    pp.835-842
Publication Date: 2009/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E92.C.835
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuits and Related SoC Integration Technologies)
A/D converter,  under sampling,  S/H circuit,  comparator,  UWB-IR,  

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A 1-GHz input bandwidth analog-to-digital (A/D) converter for an ultra-wideband impulse radio (UWB-IR) receiver is developed. Both an under-sampling sample-and-hold (S/H) circuit and a dynamic current-reduction comparator are proposed for the A/D converter. An under-sampling S/H circuit, which digitizes an input signal at a higher frequency than the sampling frequency with low power consumption, is required because the UWB-IR system utilizes intermittent ultrashort impulses. The proposed S/H circuit executes sampling by separating a sampling capacitor from an operational amplifier and accumulating the offset voltage of the amplifier in the other capacitor. The proposed dynamic current reduction comparator reduces bias current dynamically corresponding to its input-voltage level. The A/D converter is implemented in a 0.18-µm CMOS process technology, which achieves an effective number of bits of 5.5, 5.4, and 4.9 for input signals with frequencies of 1, 513, and 1057 MHz, respectively, at 32 M samples/s. The converter consumes 0.89 mA and 0.42 mA in the analog and digital component, respectively, at a 1.8-V supply.