An On-Chip Noise Canceller with High Voltage Supply Lines for Nanosecond-Range Power Supply Noise

Yasumi NAKAMURA  Makoto TAKAMIYA  Takayasu SAKURAI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E92-C   No.4   pp.468-474
Publication Date: 2009/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E92.C.468
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Low-Leakage, Low-Voltage, Low-Power and High-Speed Technologies for System LSIs in Deep-Submicron Era)
Category: 
Keyword: 
power integrity,  power gating,  wake-up,  dynamic voltage and frequency scaling,  noise canceller,  

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Summary: 
An on-chip power supply noise canceller with higher voltage supply and switching transistor is proposed and the effectiveness of the canceller is experimentally verified. The noise canceller is effective for nano-second order noise caused by circuit wakeup or step increase of frequency in frequency hopping. The principle of the noise canceller is to reduce the current flowing through the supply line of VDD by injecting additional current from the higher voltage supply, so that the voltage drop across the VDD supply line is reduced. As additional current flow from higher supply, switching transistor has to be turned off not to increase the power consumption. With turn-off time of 2L/R, this current can be turned off without inducting another droop due to the increase of current flowing through the power supply line. The measurement shows the canceller reduces 68% of the noise with load circuit equivalent to 530 k logic gates in 90-nm CMOS with 9% wire overhead, 1.5% area overhead, and 3% power overhead at 50 k wake-ups/s. Compared to passive noise reduction, proposed noise canceller reduces power supply noise by 64% without wire overhead and to achieve same noise reduction with passive method, 77 times more C or 45 times less L is required. Too large switching transistor results in saturated noise reduction effect and higher power consumption. A rule-of-thumb is to set the on-resistance to supply 100% of load current when turned-on.