A Fully Digital AGC System with 100 MHz Bandwidth and 35 dB Dynamic Range Power Detectors for DVB-S2 Application

YoungGun PU  Kang-Yoon LEE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E92-C   No.1   pp.127-134
Publication Date: 2009/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E92.C.127
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electronic Circuits
DVB-S2,  AGC,  VGA,  wide dynamic range,  power detector,  RMS,  

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This paper presents a fully digital gain control system with a new high bandwidth and wide dynamic range power detector for DVB-S2 application. Because the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of DVB-S2 system is so high and the settling time requirement is so stringent, the conventional closed-loop analog gain control scheme cannot be used. The digital gain control is necessary for the robust gain control and the direct digital interface with the baseband modem. Also, it has several advantages over the analog gain control in terms of the settling time and insensitivity to the process, voltage and temperature variation. In order to have a wide gain range with fine step resolution, a new AGC system is proposed. The system is composed of high-bandwidth digital VGAs, wide dynamic range power detectors with RMS detector, low power SAR type ADC, and a digital gain controller. To reduce the power consumption and chip area, only one SAR type ADC is used, and its input is time-interleaved based on four power detectors. Simulation and measurement results show that the new AGC system converges with gain error less than 0.25 dB to the desired level within 10 µs. It is implemented in a 0.18 µm CMOS process. The measurement results of the proposed IF AGC system exhibit 80-dB gain range with 0.25-dB resolution, 8nV/ input referred noise, and 5-dBm IIP3 at 60-mW power consumption. The power detector shows the 35 dB dynamic range for 100 MHz input.