Bandwidth Enhancement of Aperture Feed by an Air Rectangular Cavity Backing in a LTCC Post-Wall Waveguide

JungAun LEE  Jiro HIROKAWA  Makoto ANDO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E92-C   No.1   pp.121-126
Publication Date: 2009/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E92.C.121
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Microwaves, Millimeter-Waves
post-wall waveguide,  millimeter-wave band,  transducer,  aperture,  

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The aperture feed with an air cavity in a LTCC (Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramics) post-wall waveguide with dielectric constant εr more than 5 is proposed for bandwidth enhancement in the millimeter wave band. A rectangular cavity is adopted because only one mask pattern of a rectangular can be used for each layer of LTCC for reducing the number of the design parameters and the cost. The fabrication limitation such as the spacing between the post edge and the aperture edge reduces the bandwidth. The feeding structures are designed at 61.25 GHz for a range of εr from 2.0 to 9.0. In the case of εr = 7.0, the bandwidth for reflection below -15 dB with the air cavity is 4.25 times that without the air cavity in simulation, and 3.10 times in measurement.