+ ion sputtering method" in large amount at room temperature. The morphology of CNFs was controlled by a simultaneous carbon supply during ion sputtering. CNF-tipped cones were formed on graphite plate surfaces without carbon supply whereas those with a simultaneous carbon supply featured mainly needle-like protrusions of large size. The field electron emission (FE) properties, measured using parallel plate configurations in 10-4 Pa range, showed the threshold fields of 4.4 and 5.2 V/µm with a current density of 1 µA/cm2 for CNF-tipped cones and needle-like protrusion, respectively. Reliability test results indicated that CNF-tipped cones were more stable than needle-like protrusion. The morphological change after reliability test showed a so-called "self-regenerative" process and structure damage for CNF-tipped cones and needle-like protrusions, respectively." />


Morphological Control of Ion-Induced Carbon Nanofibers and Their Field Emission Properties

Mohd Zamri Bin Mohd YUSOP  Pradip GHOSH  Zhipeng WANG  Masaki TANEMURA  Yasuhiko HAYASHI  Tetsuo SOGA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E92-C   No.12   pp.1449-1453
Publication Date: 2009/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E92.C.1449
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology)
Category: Fundamentals for Nanodevices
Keyword: 
carbon nanofiber,  ion sputtering,  morphological control,  field electron emission,  

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Summary: 
Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were fabricated on graphite plates using "Ar+ ion sputtering method" in large amount at room temperature. The morphology of CNFs was controlled by a simultaneous carbon supply during ion sputtering. CNF-tipped cones were formed on graphite plate surfaces without carbon supply whereas those with a simultaneous carbon supply featured mainly needle-like protrusions of large size. The field electron emission (FE) properties, measured using parallel plate configurations in 10-4 Pa range, showed the threshold fields of 4.4 and 5.2 V/µm with a current density of 1 µA/cm2 for CNF-tipped cones and needle-like protrusion, respectively. Reliability test results indicated that CNF-tipped cones were more stable than needle-like protrusion. The morphological change after reliability test showed a so-called "self-regenerative" process and structure damage for CNF-tipped cones and needle-like protrusions, respectively.