Energy Efficient and Stable Weight Based Clustering for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Safdar H. BOUK  Iwao SASASE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.9   pp.2851-2863
Publication Date: 2009/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.2851
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
weight based clustering,  grey decision method (GDM),  ad hoc networks,  node weights,  

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Recently several weighted clustering algorithms have been proposed, however, to the best of our knowledge; there is none that propagates weights to other nodes without weight message for leader election, normalizes node parameters and considers neighboring node parameters to calculate node weights. In this paper, we propose an Energy Efficient and Stable Weight Based Clustering (EE-SWBC) algorithm that elects cluster heads without sending any additional weight message. It propagates node parameters to its neighbors through neighbor discovery message (HELLO Message) and stores these parameters in neighborhood list. Each node normalizes parameters and efficiently calculates its own weight and the weights of neighboring nodes from that neighborhood table using Grey Decision Method (GDM). GDM finds the ideal solution (best node parameters in neighborhood list) and calculates node weights in comparison to the ideal solution. The node(s) with maximum weight (parameters closer to the ideal solution) are elected as cluster heads. In result, EE-SWBC fairly selects potential nodes with parameters closer to ideal solution with less overhead. Different performance metrics of EE-SWBC and Distributed Weighted Clustering Algorithm (DWCA) are compared through simulations. The simulation results show that EE-SWBC maintains fewer average numbers of stable clusters with minimum overhead, less energy consumption and fewer changes in cluster structure within network compared to DWCA.