Mobile Handsets as Sensing Nodes in an Auto-Configured Hierarchical Cognitive Radio Network Scheme for Immediate Post-Disaster Communications

Sonia MAJID  Kazi AHMED  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.7   pp.2397-2405
Publication Date: 2009/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.2397
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
immediate post-disaster communications,  emergency sensing nodes,  hierarchical networks,  spectrum scanning,  cooperative relay node,  

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Summary: 
A critical problem after a natural/manmade disaster is to provide immediate post-disaster communication links between the disaster victims and some overlay networks. This paper proposes a novel scheme that uses the surviving Mobile handSets (MS) as sensing nodes to form an auto-configured Hierarchical Cognitive Radio Network (H-CRN). The implementation of this H-CRN is explained through detailed problem scenario statement and step-by-step implementation of automatic identification of emergency situation by the MS nodes. An overview of the cross-layer framework used by the MS nodes is also presented. This novel scheme is tested through some hypothesis along with probability calculations for successful identification of emergency situation, formation of ad hoc group and Emergency Beacon Message (EBM) transmission.