Scheduling Algorithm to Provide QoS over a Shared Wireless Link

Augusto FORONDA  Chikara OHTA  Hisashi TAMAKI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.6   pp.2160-2167
Publication Date: 2009/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.2160
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
wireless network,  modified largest weighted delay first (M-LWDF),  proportional fair (PF),  effective bandwidth,  

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Several scheduling algorithms have been proposed for the downlink of a Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) system with High Data Rate (HDR). Modified Largest Weighted Delay First (M-LWDF) scheduling algorithm selects a user according to the user current channel condition, user head-of-line packet delay and user Quality of Service (QoS) requirement. Proportional Fair (PF) scheduling algorithm has also been proposed for CDMA/HDR system and it selects a user according to the ratio of the user current channel rate and the user average channel rate, which provides good performance in terms of fairness. However, when variable bit rate (VBR) traffic is considered under different channel conditions for each user, both schedulers' performance decrease. M-LWDF scheduler can not guarantee the QoS requirement to be achieved and PF scheduler can not achieve a good fairness among the users. In this work, we propose a new scheduling algorithm to enhance M-LWDF and PF schedulers performance. Proposed scheduler selects a user according to the user input traffic characteristic, user current channel condition and user QoS requirement, which consists of a delay value with a maximum violation probability. We consider the well-known effective bandwidth expression, which takes into account the user QoS requirement and the user input traffic characteristics, to select a user to be scheduled. Properties of the proposed scheduling algorithm are investigated through simulations with constant bit rate (CBR) and VBR flows and performance comparisons with M-LWDF and PF schedulers. The results show a better performance of the proposed scheduler compared with M-LWDF and PF schedulers.