A Space-Time Signal Decomposition Algorithm for Downlink MIMO DS-CDMA Receivers

Yung-Yi WANG
Wen-Hsien FANG
Jiunn-Tsair CHEN

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B    No.6    pp.2131-2141
Publication Date: 2009/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.2131
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
MUSIC,  DS-CDMA,  signal detection,  channel estimation,  

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We propose a dimension reduction algorithm for the receiver of the downlink of direct-sequence code-division multiple access (DS-CDMA) systems in which both the transmitters and the receivers employ antenna arrays of multiple elements. To estimate the high order channel parameters, we develop a layered architecture using dimension-reduced parameter estimation algorithms to estimate the frequency-selective multipath channels. In the proposed architecture, to exploit the space-time geometric characteristics of multipath channels, spatial beamformers and constrained (or unconstrained) temporal filters are adopted for clustered-multipath grouping and path isolation. In conjunction with the multiple access interference (MAI) suppression techniques, the proposed architecture jointly estimates the direction of arrivals, propagation delays, and fading amplitudes of the downlink fading multipaths. With the outputs of the proposed architecture, the signals of interest can then be naturally detected by using path-wise maximum ratio combining. Compared to the traditional techniques, such as the Joint-Angle-and-Delay-Estimation (JADE) algorithm for DOA-delay joint estimation and the space-time minimum mean square error (ST-MMSE) algorithm for signal detection, computer simulations show that the proposed algorithm substantially mitigate the computational complexity at the expense of only slight performance degradation.