Macro-Diversity Scheme for a Point-to-Multipoint Communication System by means of D-STBC Method in Fast Fading Environment

Subrata Kumar BISWAS

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B    No.6    pp.2122-2130
Publication Date: 2009/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.2122
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
train radio system,  space-time block coding (STBC),  differential STBC (D-STBC),  Doppler spread,  

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In recent years, the space-time block coding (STBC) method has attracted attention to provide transmission diversity in mobile communication systems. Although the STBC method is very effective in slow fading environments, its performance in fast fading environments has yet to be clearly verified. In this paper we propose a railway radio communication system using space-time coding in cooperation with two base stations. Here, we considered the differential STBC (D-STBC) method in railway communication system to overcome difficulties caused by the fast fading environment. We have compared the performance of STBC and D-STBC method where there is frequency offset between two base stations. Moreover, we have presented the simulation result of overall performance of the system including frequency offset and transmission time delay when operating D-STBC method. The overall evaluation on this paper shows that the D-STBC method is suitable for realizing highly reliable railway communication systems.