Performance Analysis of a De-correlated Modified Code Tracking Loop for Synchronous DS-CDMA System under Multiuser Environment

Ya-Ting WU  Wai-Ki WONG  Shu-Hung LEUNG  Yue-Sheng ZHU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B    No.6    pp.1991-1999
Publication Date: 2009/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.1991
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Transmission Systems and Transmission Equipment for Communications
code tracking,  synchronization,  DS-CDMA,  multiple access interference (MAI),  

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This paper presents the performance analysis of a De-correlated Modified Code Tracking Loop (D-MCTL) for synchronous direct-sequence code-division multiple-access (DS-CDMA) systems under multiuser environment. Previous studies have shown that the imbalance of multiple access interference (MAI) in the time lead and time lag portions of the signal causes tracking bias or instability problem in the traditional correlating tracking loop like delay lock loop (DLL) or modified code tracking loop (MCTL). In this paper, we exploit the de-correlating technique to combat the MAI at the on-time code position of the MCTL. Unlike applying the same technique to DLL which requires an extensive search algorithm to compensate the noise imbalance which may introduce small tracking bias under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), the proposed D-MCTL has much lower computational complexity and exhibits zero tracking bias for the whole range of SNR, regardless of the number of interfering users. Furthermore, performance analysis and simulations based on Gold codes show that the proposed scheme has better mean square tracking error, mean-time-to-lose-lock and near-far resistance than the other tracking schemes, including traditional DLL (T-DLL), traditional MCTL (T-MCTL) and modified de-correlated DLL (MD-DLL).