Field Experiments on Real-Time 1-Gbps High-Speed Packet Transmission in MIMO-OFDM Broadband Packet Radio Access

Hidekazu TAOKA  Kenichi HIGUCHI  Mamoru SAWAHASHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.5   pp.1725-1734
Publication Date: 2009/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.1725
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Radio Access Techniques for 3G Evolution)
OFDM,  MIMO,  downlink,  AMC,  QRM-MLD,  ASESS,  

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This paper presents experimental results in real propagation channel environments of real-time 1-Gbps packet transmission using antenna-dependent adaptive modulation and channel coding (AMC) with 4-by-4 MIMO multiplexing in the downlink Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) radio access. In the experiment, Maximum Likelihood Detection employing QR decomposition and the M-algorithm (QRM-MLD) with adaptive selection of the surviving symbol replica candidates (ASESS) is employed to achieve such a high data rate at a lower received signal-to-interference plus background noise power ratio (SINR). The field experiments, which are conducted at the average moving speed of 30 km/h, show that real-time packet transmission of greater than 1 Gbps in a 100-MHz channel bandwidth (i.e., 10 bits/second/Hz) is achieved at the average received SINR of approximately 13.5 dB using 16QAM modulation and turbo coding with the coding rate of 8/9. Furthermore, we show that the measured throughput of greater than 1 Gbps is achieved at the probability of approximately 98% in a measurement course, where the maximum distance from the cell site was approximately 300 m with the respective transmitter and receiver antenna separation of 1.5 m and 40 cm with the total transmission power of 10 W. The results also clarify that the minimum required receiver antenna spacing is approximately 10 cm (1.5 carrier wave length) to suppress the loss in the required received SINR at 1-Gbps throughput to within 1 dB compared to that assuming the fading correlation between antennas of zero both under non-line-of-sight (NLOS) and line-of-sight (LOS) conditions.