Iterative Multiuser Detection with Soft Decision-Directed Channel Estimation for MC-IDMA and Performance Comparison with Chip-Interleaved MC-CDMA

Satoshi SUYAMA
Hiroshi SUZUKI
Kazuhiko FUKAWA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B    No.5    pp.1495-1503
Publication Date: 2009/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.1495
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Radio Access Techniques for 3G Evolution)
mobile communication,  MIMO-OFDM,  IDMA,  MC-IDMA,  channel estimation,  MC-CDMA,  

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This paper applies iterative multiuser detection employing a new channel estimation scheme to multicarrier interleave-division multiple access (MC-IDMA), called OFDM-IDMA, which is expected to offer improved spectral efficiency in mobile communications. The MC-IDMA transmitter uses both a low-rate channel code and an individual chip interleaver for each user. The MC-IDMA receiver, which this paper focuses upon, repeats the iterative multiuser detection and soft decision-directed channel estimation (SDCE) by exploiting log-likelihood ratios (LLRs) of the coded bits which the maximum a posteriori (MAP)-based channel decoders for all users provide. SDCE estimates channel impulse responses of all users by the least-mean-square (LMS) algorithm, which aims to minimize the mean squared error between the received signal and its replica. This paper investigates the performance of MC-IDMA employing SDCE and compares it with those of three MC-CDMA techniques. Computer simulations demonstrate that MC-IDMA employing SDCE outperforms time-spread MC-CDMA and frequency-spread MC-CDMA, and that it can achieve almost the same bit error rate performance as chip-interleaved MC-CDMA while requiring lower complexity.