CRRT: Congestion-Aware and Rate-Controlled Reliable Transport in Wireless Sensor Networks

Muhammad Mahbub ALAM  Choong Seon HONG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.1   pp.184-199
Publication Date: 2009/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.184
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
congestion control,  rate control,  reliability,  fairness,  wireless sensor networks,  

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Summary: 
For successful data collection in wireless sensor networks, it is important to ensure that the required delivery ratio is maintained while keeping a fair rate for every sensor. Furthermore, emerging high-rate applications might require complete reliability and the transfer of large volume of data, where persistent congestion might occur. These requirements demand a complete but efficient solution for data transport in sensor networks which reliably transports data from many sources to one or more sinks, avoids congestion and maintains fairness. In this paper, we propose congestion-aware and rate-controlled reliable transport (CRRT), an efficient and low-overhead data transport mechanism for sensor networks. CRRT uses efficient MAC retransmission to increase one-hop reliability and end-to-end retransmission for loss recovery. It also controls the total rate of the sources centrally, avoids the congestion in the bottleneck based on congestion notifications from intermediate nodes and centrally assigns the rate to the sources based on rate assignment policy of the applications. Performance of CRRT is evaluated in NS-2 and simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of CRRT.