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Evaluation of Free-Riding Traffic Problem in Overlay Routing and Its Mitigation Method
Go HASEGAWA Yuichiro HIRAOKA Masayuki MURATA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2009/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
overlay networks, overlay routing, free-riding traffic, available bandwidth, end-to-end delay, TCP throughput,
Full Text: FreePDF
Recent research on overlay networks has revealed that user-perceived network performance could be improved by an overlay routing mechanism. The effectiveness of overlay routing is mainly a result of the policy mismatch between the overlay routing and the underlay IP routing operated by ISPs. However, this policy mismatch causes a "free-riding" traffic problem, which may become harmful to the cost structure of Internet Service Providers. In the present paper, we define the free-riding problem in the overlay routing and evaluate the degree of free-riding traffic to reveal the effect of the problem on ISPs. We introduce a numerical metric to evaluate the degree of the free-riding problem and confirm that most multihop overlay paths that have better performance than the direct path brings the free-riding problem. We also discuss the guidelines for selecting paths that are more effective than the direct path and that mitigate the free-riding problem.